Black Powder Contamination Introduction Formation Composition Facility Impacts
Black Powder Contamination Introduction: Formation, Composition, Facility Impacts
Black powder contamination is a widely used term for a highly
pervasive particulate contamination found in all hydrocarbon facilities and
pipelines, water systems, petrochemical powders, and other fluid and gas
systems. All too often, its presence and
negative impacts are accepted by industry as a cost of doing business. To prevent black powder from accumulating in systems and equipment,
and allowing it to continue downstream, the goal for facility and pipeline
operators should be first to eliminate the conditions for its development
through proper root cause analysis and secondly to eliminate its presence as
early as possible in the hydrocarbon value chain. Managing black powder requires knowledge and
acceptance of its formation process and presence, and a plan and equipment to
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